Hengest and Horsa and the Birth of the English Nation
- A Brief Introduction -
In the beginning the land known today as Britain, who's inhabitants populated its soil, were known as the ancient Britons – a race of people of the Pagan Celtic tribe.
These lands of ancient Britain and the Britons themselves were for many years ruled over by the Romans and subsequently their Judeo-Christian empire. Though, after years of rule and through continued attacks from Picts, Gaels, Celts from Ireland and Saxons, the Roman Empire began to crumble and there legions slowly departed between 401 and 410 CE.
Britain under Roman control and for some time was, then, becoming a disjointed land and during the year 410 CE Rome itself was attacked by Pagan hordes.
In this year of ruin it was declared that the Britons would have to defend themselves, and thus the Romans vacated the British shores back to Rome.
The Britons thereafter were ruled over by a Romano-Briton who in some small degree it could be said, helped to spawn the creation of the English realm through an invitation. This ruler of the Britons was King Vortigern.
In the year of 443 CE after many years of furious fighting with the Picts, the Britons sent a request across the sea to Rome for help to defend themselves against these Northern British tribes, but received none.
Though, six years later in the year of 449 CE the ruler of the Britons, Vortigern, invited the Angles of Germania (one of the Germanic tribes that occupied the area today known as Germany) to Britain to again help defend themselves from the Picts.
The shores of Ebba's Creek at the entrance of Wantsum Channel in East Kent soon came to see the arrival of the Heathen Angles into Britain with the arrival of three dragon longships that sailed on the furious seas from the East. In return for the continued help of the Angles, King Vortigern gave them vast amounts of land in the South East of Britain. In the time that shortly followed, the Pagan Angels brought furious anger and destruction upon the Picts in mighty battles and defeated them wherever they met.
In the coming months thereafter these Heathens of Germania sent word to Angeln (a place of such a name is still called this today), which resides at the neck of land between Denmark and mainland Germany. They told of the defeat over the Pictish Britons and of their helplessness in battle and requested the sending of more fleets.
At once the Chieftains of Angeln sent more warrior men to the shores of Britain from three tribes of Germany: the East, South and West Saxons of the Old Saxon tribe, the Cantware and the Whitware of the Jute tribe. From Angeln came the East Angels, Middle Angels and Mercians and many Northumbrians.
The commanders of these prodigious fleets of Pagan warriors from across the sea were two Jute brothers known as Hengest and Horsa, the two brothers who led the first settlement of England, ancient Albion, by the Anglo-Saxons. It is believed that these two brothers were direct descendents of our Allfather Woden. Throughout Pagan Germanic belief it was believed widely that the Germanic peoples were descended from the Gods that they worshipped, so it could be that when the Anglo-Saxons settled England, the brother gods Hengest and Horsa were not just regarded as leaders of the Anglo-Saxon folk, but also seen as Gods themselves, Wodens children.
Hengest and Horsa were the sons of Wihtgils who was Wittas offspring. Witta was Wecta's offspring and Wecta was Wodens.
Woden, the name of the chief deity of the Pagan Anglo-Saxons, still survives today in the day-name of Wednesday as do other Gods in the other days of the week. It is also known that certain Gods names survive in many place names of England today, such as Wednesbury in Suffolk, Wodensbury in Kent and even Wansdyke in Wiltshire. This shows the impact that the Anglo-Saxons truly had on our land.
Many years after the defeat of the British Picts, and in the year 455 CE, Hengest and Horsa waged a furiousand venomous war upon King Vortigern and against his false faith from the far East in the setting of Aylesford.
During the bloody battle of Aylesford, Horsa was to be injured and struck down, to be later buried beneath the sacred White Horse Stone near Maidstone, Kent. The field in which this sacred stone lays marks the place where the English race fought and were victorious in their first battle. The stone itself marks the burial chamber of our first truly English Chieftain and henceforth marks the birthplace of the English Nation.
Although Horsa was slain during this monumental battle against the forces of Romano-Brittonic-Judeo-Christianity, his brother Hengest is believed to have lived as the Heathen king of Kent untill the year 488 CE. Kent being a kingdom whom the mighty brother founded.
After Horsa's death Hengest and his son Aesc succeeded the throne and thus the folk of Germania that settled on this sacred soil lived under these ruling brothers in the lands of ancient Albion. The folk of Germania, united, were later to become known as Anglo-Saxons, forged the land of England and hense the English Nation was truly born.
The Anglo-Saxon Age: A Very Short Introduction by John Blair
The Norse Tradition: A Beginners Guide by Pete Jennings
Blood of the Vikings by Julian Richards
The Anglo-Saxons: Edited by James Campbell
Myths of the Norsemen: From the Eddas and Sagas by H.A. Guerber
Looking for the Lost Gods of England: by Kathleen Herbert
The Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (classic edition) by Rev. Ebenezer. Cobham Brewer, LL.D.
Wodens Folk Website (www.vigrid.freeserve.co.uk)
Anglo-Saxon Heathenism Website (www.englishheathenism.co.uk)
The Anglo-Saxon Chronicles: Translated and Edited by Michael Swanton
Encyclopedia of British History: From Prehistory to Present Day by Philip Steele
March of the Titans, 33000 BC – 2000 AD: A History of the White Race, Vol 1 by Arthur Kemp